Taj Mahal Information:
|Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Emperor Shah Jahan
|Construction began in 1632; completed in 1653
|Mausoleum in memory of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan’s wife
|White marble, semi-precious stones, including jasper and jade, precious metals
|Height: 73 meters (240 feet); Base: 55 meters (180 feet)
|Central dome, minarets, gardens, reflecting pool, intricate carvings
|UNESCO World Heritage Site; Symbol of love and architectural beauty
|Iconic symbol of India’s rich history and cultural heritage
|Pietra dura (marble inlay), calligraphy, precise symmetry
The Taj Mahal Timings
The Taj Mahal is open to visitors from sunrise to sunset, generally from 6:00 AM to 6:30 PM, every day except Fridays. On Fridays, it is closed to the general public in the morning and opens for afternoon prayers, accessible primarily to Muslims for their congregational prayers. This schedule allows visitors to explore and appreciate the beauty of the monument throughout the week, with the exception of the Friday morning closure for general sightseeing.
The Photos of Taj Mahal, Agra
The Architecture of Taj Mahal, Agra
Mughal architecture represents a fascinating blend of Islamic, Persian, Indian, and Central Asian architectural styles. It flourished during the rule of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent, primarily during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. This architectural style is characterized by various elements, including:
- Symmetrical Layouts: Gardens, courtyards, and structures are often laid out symmetrically, reflecting harmony and balance.
- Use of Minarets and Domes: Tall minarets and large domes are common features in Mughal architecture, providing a grand and imposing aesthetic.
- Intricate Ornamentation: Elaborate carvings, intricate patterns, delicate marble inlays, and detailed calligraphy adorn buildings, showcasing exquisite craftsmanship.
- Gardens and Water Features: Mughal architecture often incorporates expansive gardens, reflecting pools, and water channels, emphasizing the connection between nature and architecture.
- Red Sandstone and White Marble: These were frequently used as primary building materials, with the contrast between red sandstone and white marble creating a striking visual effect.
Iconic structures such as the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, and Humayun’s Tomb are renowned examples of Mughal architecture, showcasing the empire’s cultural and artistic achievements in the field of construction and design.
Unique Facts About Taj Mahal, Agra
- Changing Colors: The Taj Mahal appears to change color depending on the time of day. It gleams pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening, and golden under the moonlight.
- Architectural Precision: The minarets surrounding the Taj Mahal are slightly tilted outwards. This design was intentional to protect the main tomb in case of an earthquake.
- Precious Gem Inlays: The intricate designs on the marble aren’t painted; they are inlaid with precious and semi-precious stones like lapis lazuli, jade, and turquoise.
- Symmetry in Design: The four minarets are constructed slightly away from the main structure to prevent them from falling onto the tomb in the event of an earthquake.
- Gardens and Reflections: The surrounding gardens and the reflection of the Taj Mahal in the Yamuna River add to the site’s enchanting beauty.
Who Was Built The Taj Mahal?
The Taj Mahal was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It was constructed between 1632 and 1653 by a team of architects, artisans, and workers, with contributions from various skilled craftsmen and laborers.
What is the history of Taj Mahal?
The Taj Mahal, a breathtaking ivory-white marble mausoleum, is indeed situated on the south bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India. Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned its construction in 1632 in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. This architectural marvel stands as an enduring symbol of love and devotion and remains one of the most iconic and cherished monuments globally, attracting millions of visitors who are captivated by its beauty and the romantic tale behind its creation.
How many years will it take to build the Taj Mahal?
The construction of the Taj Mahal indeed began around 1632, and various parts of the complex were completed at different times. The main mausoleum was finished by about 1638–39, while the adjacent buildings were completed by 1643. Decorative work continued until at least 1647. The entire construction process spanned approximately 22 years to finish the entire 42-acre complex.
What is the story behind the Taj Mahal?
The Taj Mahal’s construction was indeed commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 as a final resting place for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. This stunning ivory-white marble mausoleum, situated in Agra, India, stands as a tribute to their enduring love and remains an architectural masterpiece admired worldwide. Its construction involved skilled artisans, architects, and craftsmen who dedicated years to bring Shah Jahan’s vision to life, resulting in one of the most iconic monuments on Earth.
The Taj Mahal remains an enduring symbol of love, artistry, and architectural brilliance. Its beauty transcends time, captivating millions of visitors annually and leaving an indelible mark on the world’s cultural heritage.
Visiting the Taj Mahal is not just about witnessing a breathtaking monument but experiencing the depth of love and craftsmanship that went into its creation, making it an eternal marvel.